Pleistocene Epoch of the Quaternary Period

11700 years ago to 2.588 million years ago.

*Note: The beginning point of the Pleistocene was officially set to the start of the Gelasian Age, 2.588 million years ago, on 29 June 2009 (see ICS forum).



The world, Pleistocene, Last Glacial Maximum, 0.018 Ma (18000 years ago), PALEOMAP Project

Pleistocene glacial map of the north polar region, John S. Schlee, U.S. Geological Survey

Maximum ice extent at the Last Glacial Maximum, Quaternary Paleoenvironments Group, Cambridge University

North America, Pleistocene Glacial period, 0.026 Ma (26000 years ago), Paleogeography and Geologic Evolution of North America, NAU

North America Pleistocene Ice Sheet, John S. Schlee, U.S. Geological Survey

North America Pleistocene Ice Sheet, Pleistocene Mountain Glaciation, Digital geology of Idaho

North America during the last 150000 years, Jonathan Adams, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Glacial Map of North Central United States, INQUA Commission on Glaciation

Glacier retreat maps, Illinois State Museum

Pleistocene map, western U.S., Geography

Deglaciation of North America, Quicktime movie, Dept of Earth Science, UC Santa Barbara

Modelled deglaciation of North America, Lev Tarasov, Memorial University

Europe, areas covered with glacial ice during the Pleistocene



Pleistocene, Palæos

Palæos articles on specific Pleistocene ages:
Gelasian, Calabrian, Ionian, Late

Pleistocene, Wikipedia

The Pleistocene Epoch, University of California Museum of Paleontology

The Quaternary, the Paleontology Portal

The Pleistocene, Smithsonian Natioanl Museum of Natural History

Geologic Time Table, Seafriends


Climate in the Pleistocene

See general sources above.

Pleistocene Glacial Events, Smithsonian Natioanl Museum of Natural History

Wikipedia glaciation articles from general to specific:
Ice age, Quaternary glaciation, last glacial period, Last Glacial Maximum

Pleistocene glacial and interglacial periods in North America:
Pre-Illinoian Stage (11 glacial periods), Illinoian Stage (glacial), Sangamonian Stage (interglacial), Last glacial period (Wisconsinan, Fraser, and Pinedale glaciations).

Pleistocene ice sheets:
Laurentide ice sheet (North America), Cordilleran ice sheet (North America), Greenland ice sheet (North America, still present), Innuitian ice sheet (North America), Patagonian ice sheet (South America), Antarctic ice sheet (Antarctica), Eurasian (Scandinavian) ice sheet (Europe and Asia),


Life in the Pleistocene

Extinct animal bestiary, mostly Pleistocene, American Museum of Natural History

Pleistocene Extinctions, University of Wisconsin Steven's Point

Global Pleistocene Plant Communities, Brian M. Fagan, Department of Anthropology, UC Santa Barbara

A Pleistocene Bestiary, Brian M. Fagan, Department of Anthropology, UC Santa Barbara

Ice Age Paleoecology, Scott Elias

Page Museum, La Brea tar pits, Los Angeles, The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

La Brea tar pits, University of California Museum of Paleontology

Pleistocene megafauna, Wikipedia

Pleistocene mammals category, Pleistocene birds category, Pleistocene fish category, Pleistocene reptiles category, Hominina category (human species), Wikipedia

Quaternary extinction event, Wikipedia

Fossils From Pleistocene Lake Manix, California, Fossils In Death Valley National Park

Land of the Mammoth, Discovery Channel


Events during the Pleistocene

Paleogeographic and other events to be added soon. Check back in a few days. [Mr. Varner, 25 March]


Search terms for use in Google and other search engines


© 2009, Mr. Varner.